A Critical Insight into Europe´s Criminalisation of Human Smuggling (2016:3epa)

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This European policy analysis provides an overview of how smuggling has been framed over time in the European Union, and questions what the effects are of criminalising human smuggling for the protection of international migrants. The author finds that policies that effectively aim at reducing human smuggling must consider the push and pull factors for migration. Blaming the smugglers for the waves of migration is not a viable solution.

The publication is in English and is a part of the SIEPS project Internal and external dimensions of a common asylum and migration policy.

Ilse van Liempt is Assistant Professor in Urban Geography at Utrecht University, the Netherlands.